Ms Subramanian is Associate Editor at The Hindu, where she has worked since 2000. Ms Subramanian is a writer on the editorial board. Additionally, she also has news co-ordination responsibilities, which involves management of news flow from the newspaper’s correspondents across the country. Prior to this assignment, Ms Subramanian was looking after the editorial and opinion sections of The Hindu between February 2012 and October 2013. From 2006 to 2010 she was a foreign correspondent in Pakistan, and from 2000-2002, in Sri Lanka. Before joining The Hindu, Ms Subramanian had worked at the Times of India, Indian Express, Sunday Observer and India Today. She became a journalist in 1986, soon after graduating from the Delhi School of Economics.
Nirupama Subramanian’s research will examine various peace accords in South Asia and to learn why some have failed. There are two broad categories of peace processes, one governing relations between sovereign states, the second relating to conflict between state and non-state entities. Her proposed essay will focus on the second. An underlying assumption in conflict resolution is that parties to a conflict agree to negotiate peace when the cost of conflict surpasses its possible benefits. This can happen when the actors have achieved their objective either fully or partially or their capacity to continue with conflict is undermined. However, negotiations may not necessarily result in an accord, nor an accord in its implementation. The proposed paper will seek to answer critical questions regarding the structure of a peace deal – what actors are critical for the success of a peace process graduating into a sustainable peace accord? What is the importance of the comparative power of the stakeholders? How critical is the role of an outside mediator in a conflict situation? How is trust built between the conflicting sides and between them and an arbiter, in where one involved in a peace process? Finally, what are indicators of the imminent failure of a peace process or accord?