A quick guide to India’s 2019 election
India is the world's biggest democracy! Indeed, the 2019 election will be the largest democratic exercise in human history.
Voting will begin on April 11 and be split into 7 phases. In total, the process will take 5 weeks, which also makes India's election the longest in the world!
Read on to find out more about this remarkable event...
WHAT'S AT STAKE?
There are 543 seats up for grab in the Lok Sabha – the lower house of parliament
Whichever party or coalition controls a majority of seats gets to elect a prime minister
Only 11.2% of the current Lok Sabha are women
Home to more than 200 million people, Uttar Pradesh accounts for 80 seats in the Lok Sabha – that's almost 15% of all lower house seats!
Electoral outcomes in this superstate are critical to the formation of any Indian government.
Other key states to watch...
Maharashtra in the west (48 seats)
West Bengal in the east (42 seats)
Bihar in the north (40 seats)
Tamil Nadu in the south (39 seats)
Taken together these 5 states account for 249 MPs; 272 MPs are required to form government
THE MAJOR POLITICAL PARTIES
There are more than 400 political parties taking part in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections. But two parties have dominated Indian politics since independence in 1947...
THE CHOICE FOR THE NEXT PRIME MINISTER
Led the BJP to the first single-party majority in 30 years in 2014
Served as the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014
Known as a highly effective orator and campaigner
The first prime minister born post-independence
Served as an MP in the Lok Sabha since 2004
Elected to lead the Indian National Congress in 2017
His great grandfather, grandmother and father have all led India
At 48 he could become the second youngest prime minister
HOW VOTING WORKS...
India has bid goodbye to paper ballots and now uses Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs)
WHEN WILL WE KNOW THE RESULTS?
EVMs allow for fast and accurate counting of hundreds of millions of votes
Using EVMs, 5 weeks of voting takes just a few hours to count. Results will be known on May 23!