Image of Hari Bapuji and Sarah Whyte

Invisible inequalities in business and society: Why should we care?

Inequalities associated with visible characteristics (e.g., gender, race, age) are recognizable and measures can be taken to address them. In contrast, inequalities associated with invisible characteristics (e.g., caste and class) cannot be easily recognized and acted upon. In this presentation, I will discuss the implications of caste to businesses and societies, focusing particularly on multinational corporations and the developed west.

Hosted by Sarah Whyte, AII Head of Strategic Communications


Hari Bapuji is a Professor of Strategic Management and International Business at The University of Melbourne, Australia. His scholarship is focused on the relationship between socioeconomic inequalities and organizations. His research appeared in world’s leading management journals and has also been noted for its impact on practice and policy. He lived and worked in Australia, Canada, India, and Singapore. He serves as a co-editor of Business & Society, a leading journal dedicated to research on issues that matter to both business and society.

Kumar A, Bapuji H, Mir R. 2021. “Educate, Agitate, Organize”: Inequality and Ethics in the Writings of Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar.” Journal of Business Ethics.

Chrispal S, Bapuji H, Zietsma C. 2020. Caste and Organization Studies: Our Silence Makes us ComplicitOrganization Studies.

Bapuji, H., Patel, C., Ertug, C., & Allen, D. 2020. Corona Crisis and Inequality: Why Management Research Needs a Societal TurnJournal of Management, 46(7):1205-22.

Bapuji H, Chrispal S. 2020. Understanding Economic Inequality through the lens of CasteJournal of Business Ethics, 162(3):533-551.