Recent Indian migrants constitute an extraordinary talent reservoir for Australia, writes Lesleyanne Hawthorne. They are characterised by high labour market participation, earnings and employment rates. They have the potential to offer a ‘productivity premium’ given their relative youth, level of English, tertiary training (with many qualified in Australia), and acculturation. At the same time, they face significant barriers to securing initial work in their field. The scale of future intakes is also jeopardised by current skilled migration policy changes. These have particular significance for Indian IT workers entering Australian on a temporary sponsored basis.